Building Up: The Wide Range of Options in Roofing Types for Every Home

A roof is a covering over the top of a building that protects against rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and extremes of temperature. They come in many styles and materials. Some residential roofing material options from Roofing Contractors South Jersey include asphalt shingles, clay tiles, and slate. Other options include cut turf (traditionally known as a sod roof) and natural wood.



A roof covers a building and protects against rain, snow, sunlight, wind and extremes of temperature. It can be constructed in a variety of forms to suit technical, economic or aesthetic requirements. A successful roofing job depends on good workmanship and quality materials. A wide variety of roofing materials are available, including shingles, tiles, metal, and foam. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is important to choose the right roofing material for your home to ensure its safety, durability and appearance.

Asphalt shingles are among the most popular roofing materials. They come in a range of colors and styles and are relatively inexpensive. They also offer excellent fire resistance and water proofing, making them an ideal choice for dry climates.

Slate roofs are a luxury option that offers an attractive, textured look to the home. They are highly durable, able to withstand high winds, and can even stand up to the occasional hailstorm. Slate is one of the most expensive roofing materials but offers a long lifespan and adds to the resale value of your home.

Wood shingles and shakes are made from natural materials, such as cedar, cypress, redwood or pine. Shingles are milled to be uniform in shape and size, while shakes are hand split to resemble thick wedges. While these roofs are beautiful, they require regular maintenance and may not be a good choice for areas where wildfires are a concern.

Rolled roofing is another affordable option, especially for flat or low-slope roofs. This type of roofing consists of large rolls of asphalt material topped with mineral granules. It is not recommended for living spaces, but works well on garages and sheds.

Foam insulation is an alternative to rolled roofing and offers similar benefits, such as watertightness and fire resistance. It also provides thermal efficiency, which can significantly lower your energy costs.

A roof is not complete without the proper supporting structure, known as sheathing. Sheathing is the wooden foundation layer that contractors use to attach shingles and other roofing treatments to the house. It is critical that sheathing be of the highest quality to prevent rot and moisture damage.


Many homeowners assume that the shingles and tiles on their roofs are enough to keep them dry during rainstorms. But these materials are not the only defense against water damage, and if your roof is not waterproofed correctly, it will suffer from constant leaks that can lead to mold, rot, and other serious problems. The best way to prevent this is by getting a professional roofer to apply a waterproof membrane.

Most homes are built with a sloping roof that sheds water, but flat roofs need to be waterproofed as well. The waterproofing process involves a layer of membrane that is installed over the deck and overlaps to create a seal. These membranes can be made from a variety of materials, including felt paper or tar paper with asphalt or coal tar to make a built-up roof, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), ethylene propylene diene monomer EPDM rubber, hypalon, and other bituminous waterproofing products.

The best time to waterproof a roof is when it is first being installed, but this is not always possible. In these cases, a liquid membrane can be applied. This is a good option for shingle roofs, as it will extend the life of the shingles and help protect the roof structure from leaks. It is also an excellent option for concrete roofs, as it will prevent cracking and deterioration.

Membrane waterproofing is a popular choice for commercial buildings, as it is very durable and can withstand heavy loads and abrasion. The membranes are available in a wide variety of colors and designs, which makes it easy to find one that suits the building’s aesthetic. Additionally, the membranes are odorless and do not interfere with the building’s ventilation system.

It is important to choose a waterproofing membrane that can stretch to accommodate any movement in the building’s foundation. This is especially important for high-rise and steel buildings, as the movement in the structures can cause the waterproofing membrane to crack. The elongation of the membrane is determined by its manufacturer and may be indicated by a percentage.

Aside from the obvious benefits of waterproofing a roof, it can also help to control the spread of fire and reduce moisture damage to the walls, ceilings, carpets, and other interior surfaces of a building. It can even prevent pests from infiltrating the facility and improve indoor air quality.


A fireproof roof will protect your house from the devastating effects of smoke, heat, and flames that occur in a fire. The non-combustible materials used in fireproof roofing will also help to impede the spread of wildfires. In fact, these types of roofs are so effective that they are often used by WUI (wildfire urban interface) organizations in the western United States.

A common question people have regarding their home’s roof is “how fireproof is it?” Generally speaking, most granulated asphalt shingles have a Class A fire rating. This means that they will withstand a fire for up to 20 minutes. However, you will want to take additional steps to protect your roof from a fire. One of the best ways is by using a wire mesh to cover openings in your roof.

You should also install a spark arrestor in your chimney. If you live in an area where wildfires are common, you should consider using a wood shake or slate tile roof to reduce the risk of wildfire damage. In addition, you should install a fireproof barrier under the roofing to prevent the spread of fire from the underside of the roof to the inside of the structure.

Another way to ensure that your roof is fireproof is by using fire resistant insulation or cladding. A few of the more popular options include DuPont FireCurb, Effisus FR Membrane, and IKO Secura waterproofing system.

To determine how fire-resistant a roofing material is, it will undergo a series of tests. These tests are specified by Underwriters Laboratories (UL), and they will evaluate how quickly the roof will combust, how easily it will allow embers to pass through the covering, and how well it will prevent the spread of fire within the building.

During a laboratory test, a flame source was applied to a standard breather membrane, Sikaplan membrane, and a Sikaplan membrane with a fire retardant coating for ten seconds. The results showed that the Sikaplan membrane had a self-extinguishing property and was effective at preventing the spread of fire through the substrate. In addition, the Sikaplan membrane was less prone to blistering than its alternative counterparts.